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山东专升本英语模仿试题及答案解析(8.5)

guodaadmin 发布时间:2021-10-13 21:10:07 历年真题 33 来源:广东自考报名网

  1.The mayor of Beijing says that all construction work () by next year.

  A.has been completed

  B.has completed

  C.will have been completed

  D.will have completed

  【翻译】北京市长称,一切的建造作业将会在下一年之前完结。

  [考点]动词时态和语态

  【精析】C 依据句中的时刻状语by next year(到下一年)可知,此处表明到将来这一时刻点之前现已完结了某事,所以使用将来完结时,即“will have+过去分词”的方式。依据句意可知,work和complete之间为逻辑上的动宾联系,所以从句使用将来完结时的被迫方式,即“will have been+过去分词”的方式。故选C。

  2. Mary as well as her sisters () Chinese in China.

  A.are studying

  B.have studied

  C.is studying

  D.study

  【翻译】玛丽和她的姐妹们正在我国学习汉语。

  [考点]主谓共同

  【精析】C 当主语是由with, as well as, along with等词衔接的并排主语时,谓语动词应与前面的主语保持共同。句中前面的主语是Mary,所以谓语动词使用奇数方式。故选C。

  3. It was not until December 31 () we finally got a letter from him.

  A.that

  B.when

  C.which

  D.then

  【翻译】直到12月31日,咱们才终究收到他的来信。

  [考点]着重句

  【精析】A 剖析语句结构可知,本句包含了“It/is was not until…that…”着重句型。本句着重的是时刻状语not until December 31,只能用that衔接。故选A。

  4. He was very excited to read the news()Mo Yan had won the Nobel Prize for literature.

  A.which

  B.what

  C.how

  D.that

  【翻译】他很快乐看到莫言取得诺贝尔文学奖的新闻。[考点]同位语从句【精析】D 剖析语句结构可知,空处引导的是同位语从句,是对抽象名词news(音讯)的解说阐明,且从句成分完好,所以使用在从句中不充任任何语法成分,只起衔接效果的that。故选D。

  5.Before leaving the village, he visited the old house () he spent his childhood.

  A.in which

  B.which

  C.to which

  D.on which

  【翻译】在脱离村庄前,他去看了自己在那里度过幼年的老房子。[考点]定语从句【精析】A 剖析语句结构可知,空处引导的是一个定语从句,指代表明地址的先行词the old house,所以空处使用in which或联系副词where引导,在从句中作地址状语,相当于in the old house。故选A。

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