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河南专升本英语翻译改错【介词词组】1-4

guodaadmin 发布时间:2021-10-13 20:59:55 历年真题 243 来源:广东自考报名网

改错三练

答题过程:
1、一般来说,做题时千万不要拿起来就改。先花一、两分钟自始至终通读全文,对文章大致内容有所了解,做到心中有数。
2、然后把要点放在有过错项的标题号行,寻觅较简单辩认的语法过错,如主谓不一致、时态、语态运用过错、非谓语动词过错等等。
3、假如错行中不存在上述显着过错,则应检查是否有词语调配过错,易混词过错、词性过错等等细节过错。
4、假如错行中既不存在语法过错,也不存在词汇过错,则从全体上检查上下文意思是否连接,连接词是否运用正确,是否有逻辑紊乱的现象,如否定句误用成肯定句形成句意不通等。留意:有时没有错项的行对改错很有协助。
5、找到过错项之后,按要求方式进行改正、删去或增加,并设法找到一个正确项使语句在语法、语义和逻辑上都建立。

 

The hunter-gatherer tribes that today live as our prehistoric 1.______
human ancestors consume primarily a vegetable diet supplementing 2._____
with animal foods. An analysis of 58 societies of modem hunter-
gatherers, including the Kung of southern Africa, revealed that one
half emphasize gathering plant foods, one-third concentrate on fishing
and only one-sixth are primarily hunters. Overall, two-thirds
and more of the hunter-gatherer’s calories come from plants. Detailed 3.______
studies of the Kung by the food scientists at the University of
London, showed that gathering is a more productive source of food
than is hunting. An hour of hunting yields in average about 100 4.______
edible calories, as an hour of gathering produces 240. 5.______
Plant foods provide for 60 percent to 80 percent of the Kung 6._______
diet, and no one goes hungry when the hunt fails. Interestingly, if
they escape fatal infections or accidents, these contemporary
aborigines live to old ages despite of the absence of medical care. 7._______
They experience no obesity, no middle-aged spread, little dental
decay, no high blood pressure, on heart disease, and their blood
cholesterol levels are very low( about half of the average American 8._______
adult), if no one is suggesting what we return to an aboriginal life 9.________
style, we certainly could use their eating habits as a model for 10.________
healthier diet.

 

 

1. 答案:as → like

2. 答案:supplementing → supplemented

3. 答案:and → or

4. 答案:in → on

5. 答案:as → while / whereas

6. 答案:删去 for,或改成about

7. 答案:删去第一个of

8. 答案:half ∧→ that

9. 答案:if → While / Although / Though

10. 答案:for ∧→ a

 

The grammatical words which play so large a part in English 
grammar are for the most part sharply and obviously different 1._______ 
from the lexical words. A rough and ready difference which may 
seem the most obvious is that grammatical words have“ less 
meaning”, but in fact some grammarians have called them 2._______ 
“empty” words as opposed in the “full” words of vocabulary. 3.________ 
But this is a rather misled way of expressing the distinction. 4._________ 
Although a word like the is not the name of something as man is, 
it is very far away from being meaningless; there is a sharp 5._________ 
difference in meaning between “man is vile and” “the man is 
vile”, yet the is the single vehicle of this difference in meaning. 6.________ 
Moreover, grammatical words differ considerably among 
themselves as the amount of meaning they have, even in the 7.________  
lexical sense. Another name for the grammatical words has been 
“little words”. But size is by no mean a good criterion for 8._________ 
distinguishing the grammatical words of English, when we 
consider that we have lexical words as go, man, say, car. Apart 9.________ 
from this, however, there is a good deal of truth in what some 
people say: we certainly do create a great number of obscurity 10.________ 
when we omit them. This is illustrated not only in the poetry of 
Robert Browning but in the prose of telegrams and newspaper headlines.

1. 答案:删去 the

2. 答案:but → and/thus

3. 答案:in → to

4. 答案:misled → misleading

5. 答案:删去away

6. 答案:single → only

7. 答案:as → in

8. 答案:mean → means

9. 答案:∧ lexical → such 或在words后加such,或把改成like

10. 答案:number → deal / amount

 

 

During the early years of this century, wheat was seen as the
very lifeblood of Western Canada. People on city streets watched
the yields and the price of wheat in almost as much feeling as if  1._______
they were growers. The marketing of wheat became an increasing  2._______
favorite topic of conversation.
     War set the stage for the most dramatic events in marketing
the western crop. For years, farmers mistrusted speculative grain
selling as carried on through the Winnipeg Grain Exchange.
Wheat prices were generally low in the autumn, so farmers could  3._______
not wait for markets to improve. It had happened too often that
they sold their wheat soon shortly after harvest when farm debts  4.________
were coming due, just to see prices rising and speculators getting rich.  5._______
On various occasions, producer groups, asked firmer control,  6._______
but the government had no wish to become involving, at  7.______
least not until wartime when wheat prices threatened to run
wild.
     Anxious to check inflation and rising life costs, the federal  8.______
government appointed a board of grain supervisors to deal with
deliveries from the crops of 1917 and 1918. Grain Exchange
trading was suspended, and farmers sold at prices fixed by the
board. To handle with the crop of 1919, the government appointed 9.______
the first Canadian Wheat Board, with total authority to 10.______
buy, sell, and set prices.

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