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河南专升本英语阅览了解练习题(7.30)

guodaadmin 发布时间:2021-10-13 21:10:18 历年真题 5 来源:广东自考报名网

  According to psychologists(心理学家), an emotion is aroused when a man or animal views something as either bad or good. When a person feels like running away from something that he thinks will hurt him, we call this emotion fear. If the person wants to remove the danger by attacking it, we call the emotion anger. The emotions of joy and love are aroused when we think something can help us. An emotion does not have to be created by something in the outside world. It can be created by a person's thoughts.

  Everyone has emotions. Many psychologists believe that infants are born without emotions. They believe children learn emotions just as they learn to read and write. A growing child not only learns his emotions but learns how to act in certain situations because of an emotion.

  Psychologists think that there are two types of emotions:positive and negative. Positive emotions include love, liking, joy, delight and hope. They are aroused by something that appeals to a person. Negative emotions make a person unhappy or dissatisfied. They include anger, fear, despair, sadness and disgust. In growing up, a person learns to cope with the negative emotions in order to be happy.

  Emotions may be weak or strong. Some strong emotions are so unpleasant that a person will try any means to escape from them. In order to feel happy, the person may choose unusual ways to avoid the emotions. Strong emotions can make it hard to think and to solve problems. They may prevent a person from learning or paying attention to what he is doing. For example, a student taking an examination may be so worried about failing that he cannot think properly.The worry drains valuable mental energy he needs for the examination.

  问题:

  1.We learn from the passage that an emotion is created by something .

  A.one thinks bad or good

  B.one feels in danger

  C.one faces in the outside world

  D.one tries to escape from real life

  【参考答案】A[考点]现实细节题

  【精析】A 依据榜首段榜首句“…an emotion is aroused when a man or animal views something as either bad or good.”可知,应选A项。题干中的created是aroused的同义替换。

  2.Which of the following is NOT true?

  A.Children learn emotions as they grow up.

  B.Babies are born with emotions.

  C.Emotions fall into two types in general.

  D.People can cope with the negative emotions in life.

  【参考答案】B[考点]现实细节题

  【精析】B 依据第二段第二、三句“Many psychologists believe that infants are born without emotions. They believe children learn emotions just as they learn to read and write.”可知,许多心理学家都以为婴儿出世时是没有情感的,他们是在生长的过程中逐步学会了情感,故A项正确,B项过错。依据第三段榜首句可知,C项正确;依据第三段最终一句可知,D项正确。故选B。

  3.The author's purpose of writing this passage is to .

  A.explain why people have emotions

  B.show how people avoid the negative emotions

  C.explain what people should do before emotions

  D.define and classify people's emotions

  【参考答案】D[考点]宗旨粗心题

       【精析】D 作者写这篇文章的意图也便是作者经过文章要传达的中心思想。文章的榜首段给出了几种情感的界说,第三段又叙述了情感的两种分类。由此可推知,D项(给人们的情感界说并分类)为正确答案。

  4. We can safely conclude that a student may fail in an exam if .

  A.he cannot think properly

  B.he can't pay attention to it

  C.he is not worried

  D.he is not full of energy

  【参考答案】A[考点]推理判断题

  【精析】A 依据文章的最终两句可推知,因忧虑而思绪紊乱(cannot think properly)可能会让学生考试不及格。故选A。

  5.The word “drains” in the last paragraph probably means .

  A.helps

  B.ties

  C.weakens

  D.strengthens

  【参考答案】C[考点]词语理解题

       【精析】C 依据文章最终一句并结合上文可知,忧虑会耗费咱们本可用于考试的名贵精力。由此可知,drain意为“耗费,耗尽”,而C项weaken(削弱)的意思与之最为挨近,故选C。help:协助,有助于;tie:系,绑缚,束缚;strengthen:加强,三者均不契合题意。

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