Elizabeth Blackwell was born in England in 1821, and moved to New York City when she was ten years old. One day she decided that she wanted to become a doctor. That was nearly impossible for a woman in the middle of the nineteenth century. After writing many letters asking for admission(选取) to medical schools, she was finally accepted by a doctor in Philadelphia. She was so determined that she taught school and gave music lessons to get money for the cost of schooling.
In 1849, after graduation from medical school. she decided to further her education in Paris. She wanted to be a surgeon(外科医生) , but a serious eye problem forced her to give up the idea.
Upon returning to the United States, she found it difficult to start her own practice because she was a woman. By 1857 Elizabeth and her sister, also a doctor, along with another woman doctor, managed to open a new hospital, the first for women and children Besides being the first woman physician and founding her own hospital , she also set up the first medical school for women.
1. Why couldn’t Elizabeth Blackwell realize her dream of becoming a surgeon?
A. She couldn’t get admitted to medical school
B. She decided to further her education in Paris
C. A serious eye problem stopped her
D. It was difficult for her to start a practice in the United States
2. What main obstacle(妨碍) almost destroyed Elizabeth’s chances for becoming for a doctor?
A. She was a woman.
B. She wrote too many letters.
C. She couldn’t graduate from medical school.
D. She couldn’t set up her hospital.
3. How many years passed between her graduation from medical school and the opening of her hospital?
A. Eight years B. Ten years C. Nineteen years D. Thirty-six years
4. According to the passage, all of the following are “firsts” in the life of Elizabeth Blacekwell,
except that she ______.
A. became the first woman physician
B. was the first woman doctor
C. and several other women founded the first hospital for women and children
D. set up the first medical school for women
5. Eilzabeth Blackwell spent most of her lift in _______.
A. England B. Paris C. the United States D. New York City
In today’s age of fast travel, the world seems a smaller place—- and to some people, a less exciting place, Fifty years ago only a few English people and holidays abroad, People who didn’t travel thought of other countries as very far away and different. For example, people thought the French all eat garlic(大蒜), the Italians all eat spaghetti(细条实心面). and the Americans all drink Coca Cola, These definite(清晰的) ideas of other nationalities are called stereotypes(成规老套) . But do we have the same stereotypes today? People travel more, we all watch the same TV programmes, and ideas travel quickly too. Nowadays everyone eats garlic and spaghetti and drinks Coca Cola. Everyone listens to the same music. wears the same fashions(盛行款式) , buys the same cars. They just do it in a different language!
1. Now the world seems to be exciting.
A. bigger and more B. smaller and more
C. smaller and less D. bigger and less
2. Fifty years ago, English people travelled abroad.
A. many B. few C. only some D. a few
3. People thought of other countries as .
A. near and different B. near and the same
C. remote and very different D. remote and the same
4. Nowadays, people’s ideas of other nationalities .
A. have changed B. are the same C. are different D. are almost the same
5. We don’t have the same stereotypes because people _______.
A. travel more B. watch the same TV programmes
C. watch different TV programmes D. travel more and watch the same TV programmes
6. The best title for this passage would be .
A. A Big World B. A Small World
C. An Exacting World D. An Interesting World
We are used to the idea of aging in ourselves. We are so used to this that it comes as a surprise to find that there may be some animals that do not age. Sea anemones(海葵) are an example. Some have been kept for nearly a century without showing any signs of lifelessness. Some kinds of sea worms can even “grow backwards.” If kept in the dark and given nothing to eat, they get steadily smaller, They finally end as a ball of cells(细胞) looking rather like the egg from which they came. Under good conditions the ball will turn back to a worm and start growing again. One could probably keep them growing and un-growing again and again.
1. Some sea worms grow smaller when they ______.
A. lose weight B. live in the darkness
C. are under good conditions D. don’t eat and are kept in the dark
2. According to the passage, some sea animals ________.
A. will die when they become a ball of cells B. do not grow old
C. will die without food D. will stop growing any time they want
3. According to the passage, which of the following statements in NOT true?
A. We can keep certain kind of sea worm growing and ungrowing again and again.
B. Human beings will grow old and die.
C. An anemone is a king of sea worm that can grow backwards.
D. Some anemones will live nearly a hundred years.
4. The underlined word aging in the first sentence means ______.
A. growing old B. the age of a person
C.getting younger D. un -growing
5. This passage is mainly about ______.
A. sea animals B. cells C. aging D. anemones
Now I’d like to talk to you about your final exam. The exam will be held next Thursday, the last day of the exam week. Remember to bring two of three pens in case you run out of ink. and unlike the midterm exam, this test will not include multiple — choice questions; it will consist entirely of essays(文章). You’ll have to answer three of the five essay questions. The exam will be comprehensive (全面的), which means you’ll be responsible for all of the subject matters we covered in class this term, I would suggest you review your midterm exam as well as textbooks and your class notes. The final exam will count as 50 percent of your grade of the course. The research project (项目) will count as 20 percent and the midterm exam 30 percent. I’ll be in my office almost all day next Tuesday. If you run into any problems, please drop in. Good luck to you and I’ll see you on Tuesday.
1. When will the final exam take place?
A. On Tuesday B. On a Wednesday C. On a Thursday D. On a Friday
2. What will