When Dean Arnold got his first job, he was miserable (苦楚的), Each time he went to work, he coughed and he couldn’t breathe. Working in a bakery(面包房) when you are allergic to (对…过敏) flour can be painful.
But Arnold stayed with the National Biscuit Company for ten years. He was a businessman and he helped them improve production. At last his health problems became too serious. He left and formed his own company.
With his wife and mother, he founded Arnold Bakery. They tried new recipes (配方). changing the kind and amount of flour used. This enabled Arnold to work there without too much pain. The bread, made with unbleached flour (标准粉), was baked in a brick oven (烘炉).
They began by baking two dozen loaves. The bread was sold door to door for fifteen cents a loaf. Winning customers to his unusual, old-fashioned bread took time. But Arnold, struggling against his allergy, built his bakery into one of the largest in the United States.
1. A good title for this passage would be .
A. A Sick Baker B. A Brick-oven Bread Baker
C. An Old-fashioned Baker D. How to Overcome Allergy
2. Dean left the National Biscuit Company because he .
A. suffered from allergy to flour B. didn’t like the job
C. wanted to make more money D. wanted to form his own company
3. During his stay in the National Biscuit Company, .
A. he founded Arnold Bakery
B. he tried a new method of baking
C. he helped the company improve their production
D. he became successful in his business
4. Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the passage?
A. Arnold’s bread was baked in a brick oven.
B. Arnold’s bread was made with unbleached flour.
C. Arnold’s bread was sold at a low price.
D. Arnold’s bread was of poor quality.
5. From the passage we can conclude that Arnold was .
A. determined B. brave C. unusual D. unhealthy
When we see well, we do not think about our eyes very often. It is only when we cannot see perfectly that we realize how important our eyes are.
People who are near-sighted can only see things that are very close to their eyes, Everything else seems blurry(=unclear). Many people who do a lot of work, such as writing, reading and sewing become near—sighted. Then
People who are far-sighted suffer from just the opposite problem. They can see things that are far away, but they have difficulty in reading a book unless they hold it at arm’s length. If they want to do much reading ,they must get glasses, too.
Other people do not see clearly because their eyes are not exactly the right shape. They have what is called astigmatism (散光). This, too, can be corrected by glasses. Some people’s eyes become cloudy because of cataracts (白内障). Long ago these people often became blind. Now, however, it is possible to operate on the cataracts and remove them.
Having two good eyes is important for judging distances. Each eye sees things from a slightly different angle (视点). To prove this to yourself, look at an object our of one eye; then look at the same object out of your other eye. You will find the object’s relation to the background and other things around it has changed. The difference between these two different eye views helps us to judge how far away an object is. People who have only one eye cannot judge distance as people with two eyes.
1. We should take good care of our eyes .
A. only when we can see well
B. only when we cannot see perfectly
C. even if we can see well
D. only when we realize how important our eyes are
2. When things far away seem indistinct(模糊不清) , one is probably .
A. near-sighted B. far-sighted
C. astigmatic D. suffering from cataracts
3. The underlined word suffer in the third paragraph probably means .
A. experience B. imagine
C. feel pain D. are affected with
4. Having two eyes instead of one is particularly useful for .
A. seeing at night B. seeing objects far away
C. looking over a wide area D. judging distances
5. People who suffer from astigmatism have .
A. one eye bigger than the other
B. eyes that are not exactly the right shape
C. a difficulty that can be corrected by an operation
D. an eye difficulty that cannot be corrected by glasses
Grandma was a wonderful story-teller, and she had a set of priceless, individually (独特别) tailored stories with which American grandparents of her day brought up children. There was the story of the little boys who had been taught complete, quick obedience (遵守). One day when they were out on the grassy plain, their father shouted. “Fall down on your faces!” They did, and the terrible prairie(草原) fire swept over them and they weren’t hurt. There was also the story of three boys at school, each of whom received a cake sent from home. One saved his, and the mice ate it; one ate all of his , and he got sick; and who do you think had the best time? —Why, of course, the one who shared his cake with his friends.
1. What is the main idea of this passage?
A. Children should obey their parents quickly.
B. Children should share with others.
C. The author remembers many of her grandma’s wonderful stories.
D. The grandma’s stories helped teach the children morals and good manners.
2. Which of the following details supports the main idea of the passage?
A. The children were saved from the fire because they followed directions.
B. Grandma told a story of three boys at school.
C. Each of the three boys got a cake sent from home.
D. The big prairie fire soon spread over to the village.
3. Which of the following statements is true?
A. The author was saved from the fire.
B. The author was brought up from his grandmother.
C. Grandma was good at telling children stories.
D. Grandma told stories to children just for fun.
4. All of the following were not praised by the author except ___________.
A. the boy who shared his cake with others
B. the boy who ate up all his cake by himself
C. the boy who kept the cake for the future
D. the boys who didn’t obey their parents
5. According to this passage, the underlined word tailored probably means __________.