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河南专升本英语阅览部分【解题练习】1-9

guodaadmin 发布时间:2021-10-13 20:59:26 历年真题 37 来源:广东自考报名网

英语阅览了解2   

  Although English is not as old as Chinese, it is spoken by many people around the world every day. English speakers are always creating(发明) new words, and we are often able to know where most words come from.
    Sometimes , however, no one may really know where a word comes from. Did you ever think about why hamburgers(汉堡包) are called hamburgers, especially when they are not made with ham(火腿)? About a hundred years ago, some men went to America from Europe. They came from a big city in Germany called Hamburg. They did not speak good English, but they ate good food. When some Americans saw them eating round pieces of beef(牛肉), they asked the Germans what it was. The Germans did not understand the question and answered, “We come from Hamburg.” One of these Americans owned a restaurant, and had an idea. He cooked some round pieces of beef like those which the men from Hamburg ate. Then he put each between two pieces of bread and started selling them. Such bread came to be called “hamburgers”. Today “hamburgers” are sold in many countries around the world.
    Whether this story is true or not, it certainly is interesting. Knowing why any word has a certain meaning is interesting. too. This reason, for most English words, can be found in any large English dictionary.
1. According to the writer, English is     .
   A. as old as Chinese                  B. older than German
   C. not so old as Chinese               D. very difficult to learn 
2. Hamburg is     .
   A. a kind of food                    B. a round piece of beef
   C. the name of a village               D. a city in Germany
3. According to the story,      .
   A. few Americans like hamburgers         B. hamburgers are made with beef
   C. hamburgers are made with ham          D. hamburgers were first sold about a century ago
4. According to the writer, which of the following can often be found in any large English dictionary?
   A. Where all the new words come from
   B. Where those Germans came from
   C. The reason why a word has a certain meaning 
   D. The reason why English is spoken around the world
5. According to the story, the word “hamburger” comes from     .
   A. China because it has a long history
   B. England because Germans don’t speak good English
   C. the round pieces of beef which those people from Hamburg were eating
   D. English speakers because they always create new words

 
    In 1933 an unknown American called Clarence Nash went to see the filmmaker Walt Disney. He had an unusual voice and he wanted to work in Disney’s cartoon(动画片) film for children. When Walt Disney heard Nash’s voice, he said “Stop! That’s our duck!”
    The duck was the now-famous Donald Duck, who first appeared in 1934 in the film The Wise Little Hen. Donald lived in an old houseboat(水上住家) and wore his sailor jacket and hat. Later that year he became a star after an eight-minute Mickey Mouse film. The cinema audience liked him because he was lazy and greedy(贪婪的), and because he lost his temper(发脾气) very quickly . and they loved his voice when he became angry with Mickey’s eight nephews(侄子). Soon Donald was more popular than Mickey Mouse himself, probably because he wasn’t a goody-goody like Mickey.
    In the 1930S,’ 40s and ‘50s Donald and hid friends Mickey , Goofy and Pluto made hundreds of Disney cartoons. He also made educational films about the place of the USA in the world, and safety in the home. Then in 1966 Donald Duck and his voice disappeared—there were no more new cartoons. 
    Clarence Nash died in February, 1985. But today’s children can still see the old cartoons on television and hear that famous voice.
1. Who made Donald Duck film?
   A. Mickey Mouse      B. Clarence Nash       C. Walt Disney        D. Pluto
2. When was the first Donald Duck film made?
   A.In 1933            B. In 1934             C. In 1966            D. In 1930
3. Who was Clarence Nash?
   A. A cartoonist      B. Donald Duck’s voice     C. A film-maker     D. A film star
4. Where do today’s children see Donald Duck?
   A. In new film      B. At the cinema         C. On television     D. At concerts
5. The underlined word audience in the second paragraph means     .
   A. reads   B.formal interview   C. law freedom   D. the people who watch a film at a cinema
6. The underlined word goody-goody in the second paragraph means a person who     .
   A. likes to appear to be faultless in behaviour
   B. who likes to appear to be faulty in behaviour
   C. dislikes to appear to be faultless in behaviour
   D. dislikes to be faulty in behaviour

 

尽管英文不如中文,但全世界很多人都说过。英语人士一直在发明(发明)新词,并且咱们常常能够知道大多数单词来自哪里。
    但是有时分,没有人真的能够知道一个字来自哪里。你有没有想过为什么汉堡包(汉堡包)被称为汉堡包,特别是当他们不是用火腿(火腿)制造的时分?大约一百年前,有些男人从欧洲去了美国。他们来自德国的一个大城市叫汉堡。他们说英语欠好,但吃的很好吃。当一些美国人看到他们吃了一块牛肉(牛肉)时,他们问德国人是什么。德国人不明白这个问题,回答说:“咱们来自汉堡,”其间一个美国人具有一家餐厅,并有一个主意。他煮熟了一些牛肉,就像汉堡吃的那些牛肉相同。然后他把每个面包放在两块面包之间,开端出售。这种面包被称为“汉堡包”。今日,“汉堡包”在全球许多国家出售。
    不管这个故事是否实在,这当然是风趣的。知道为什么任何一个词都有必定的含义是风趣的。太。这个原因,关于大多数英文单词,能够在任何大英文字典中找到。
1.据作者介绍,英文是。
   A.与我国人相同老B.比德国人
   C.不如我国人D.很难学习
2.汉堡是。
   A.一种食物B.一块牛肉
   C.一个村庄的姓名D.德国的一个城市
3.依据故事,
   A.几个美国人喜爱汉堡包B.汉堡包是用牛肉
   C.汉堡包是用火腿D.汉堡包是在大约一个世纪前初次出售的
4.依据作者,以下哪一个常常能够在任何大的英文字典中找到?
   A.一切的新词都来自
   B.那些德国人来自于
   C.一个词有必定含义
   的原因D.英语在世界各地讲的原因
5.依据故事,“汉堡包”来自 
   A.我国由于历史悠久
   B.英格兰,由于德国人不会说英语很好
   C.来自汉堡的那些牛肉的圆形碎片
   D.英语人士由于他们总是发明出新的话

 
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