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2017年河南专升本英语要点句型

guodaadmin 发布时间:2021-10-13 21:01:56 历年真题 13 来源:广东自考报名网

被迫语态

  主语是动作的宣布者,用自动语态; 主语是动作的接受者,用被迫语态.

  被迫语态的构成: be+done (过去分词)+(by 动作的宣布者)

  be 的改变方式许多,许多时态都有各自的被迫语态.

  This book is written by GJM. That book was written by Luxun.

  English is spoken in many countries.

自动方式表明被迫含义:

  1) wash, clean, cook, iron, look, cut, sell, read, wear, feel, draw, write, sell, drive…

  The book sells well.  这本书销路好。

  This knife cuts easily.  这刀子很好用。

  2) blame, let(租借), remain, keep, rent, build

  I was to blame for the accident.

  Much work remains.

  3) 在need, require, want, worth (形容词), deserve后的动名词必须用自动方式。

  The door needs repairing.= The door needs to be repaired.

  This room needs cleaning. 这房间应该清扫一下。

  This book is worth reading. 这本书值得一读。

  4) 特别结构:make sb. heard / understood (使他人能听见/了解自己),have sth. done ( 要或人做某事)。

 不必被迫语态的状况:

  1) 系动词无被迫语态:

  appear, be become, fall, feel, get, grow, keep, look, remain, seem, smell, sound, stay, taste, turn /例: It sounds good.

  • 被迫语态的谚语:

  Give love and love will be given. 播撒爱,也会收成爱.

  Everything that is done in the world is done by love. 世上做成的每件事都是期望的劳绩.

  Man is not made to defeat. Man can be destroyed but not defeated.

  人不是为失利而生的. 人能够被消灭,可是不能够被打败. (海明威<老人与海>)

  • need/want/require/worth

  留意:当 need, want, require, worth(形容词)后边接doing也能够表明被迫。

  Your hair wants cutting. 你的头发该理了。

  The floor requires washing. 地板需求冲刷。

  The book is worth reading. 这本书值得一读。

典型例题

  The library needs___, but it'll have to wait until Sunday.

  A. cleaning  B. be cleaned

  C. clean  D. being cleaned

  答案A. need (实意V.) +n /to do,need (神态)+ do,当为被迫语态时,还可need + doing. 本题考最终一种用法,选A。如有to be clean 则也为正确答案。

着重句型

  常考的着重句结构是it 引导的语句:

  It is (was) 被着重部分+ that (who) + 语句其他部分。

  此结构着重的成分仅限于主语,宾语和状语。

  It is love that makes the world go around. 爱是推进国际的力气.

  It is often in our suffering that we grow the most. 在苦楚中咱们生长最多.

  It is virtue and not birth that makes us noble. 道德使咱们尊贵,而不是身世.

典型例题

  1) It was last night ___ I see the comet.

  A. the time  B.. when

  C. that   D. which

  答案C. 着重句的结构是: It +be +被着重部分 + that (who) + 主谓句。 着重句的连词只要两个,that和who。当着重的部分是人,且为语句的主语时,才用 "who",其他用that。

  原句:My father did the experiment in the lab yesterday evening.

  着重主语: It was my father who did the experiment in the lab yesterday evening.

  着重宾语: It was the experiment that my father did in the lab yesterday evening.

  着重时刻: It was yesterday evening that my father did the experiment in the lab. (留意不必when)

  着重地址: It was in the lab that my father did the experiment yesterday evening.

  2)It is ten years ___ Miss Green returned to Canada.

  A. that  B. when

  C. since  D. as

  答案C. 考点是连词用法。 本题易误选为A. that. 其实本句不是着重句。若是着重句,去掉It  be… that还应是一个完好的语句。而本句去掉 'It is…that',只剩下ten years Miss Green returned to Canada. 不成句。因而本句不是着重句。

  It is /was +时刻+ since… 其间is<—> has been  was <—> had been.

经典着重句

  College will be the most important years in your life.

  It is in college that you will truly discover what learning is about.

  大学将是你人生最重要的韶光,在大学里你会发现学习的真理。

  ——李开复《给女儿的一封信》

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