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2017年河南专升本英语阅览了解专项模拟题

guodaadmin 发布时间:2021-10-13 21:00:27 历年真题 54 来源:广东自考报名网

 Passage 1

  For any Englishman,there can never be any discussion as to who is the world’s greatest dramatist(剧作家).Only one name can possibly suggest itself to him:that of William Shakespeare Every Englishman has some knowledge,however slight,of the work of our greatest writer.All of US use words,phrases and quotations from Shakespeare’s writings that have become part of the common property of the English-speaking people.Most of the time we are probably unaware of the source of the words we used,rather like the old lady who was taken to see a performance of Hamlet and complained that it was full of well—known proverbs and quotations.

  Shakespeare,more perhaps than any other writer,makes full use of the great resources of the English language.Most of US use about five thousand words in our normal use of English;Shakespeare in his works used about twenty-five thousand.

  There is probably no better way for a foreigner to appreciate the richness and variety of the English language than by studying the various ways in which Shakespeare used it.Such a study is well worth the effort(it is not,of course,recommended to beginners)even though some aspects of English usage,and the meaning of many words,have changed since Shakespeare’s day.

  61. English people ______

  A.have never discussed who is the world’s greatest dramatist

  B.never discuss any issue concerning the world’s greatest dramatist

  C.are sure who is the world’s greatest dramatist

  D.do not care who is the world’s greatest poet and dramatist

  62.Every Englishman knows ______

   A.more or less about Shakespeare B.Shakespeare,but only slightly

   C.all Shakespeare’s writings D.only the name of the greatest English writer

  63.Which of the following is true?

   A.We use all the words,phrases and quotations from Shakespeare’S writings.

   B.Shakespeare’s writings have become the property of those who are learning to speak English.

   C.It is likely to be true that people often do not know the origins of the words they use

   D All the words people use are taken from the writings of Shakespeare

  64.What does the word “proverb” mean?

   A.Familiar sayings B.Shakespeare’s plays. C.Complaints. D.Actors and actresses.

  65.Why is it worthwhile to study the various ways in which Shakespeare used English?

   A.English words have changed a lot since Shakespeare’S time.

   B.By doing SO one can be fully aware of the richness of the English language

   C. English words are now being used in the same way as in Shakespeare’s time

   D. Beginners may have difficulty learning some aspects of English usage

  

  Passage 2

   Trees are useful to man in three very important ways:they provide him wood and other products;they give him shade;and they help to prevent drought(干旱)and floods.

   Unfortunately,in many parts of the world,man has not realized that the third of these services is the most important.In his eagerness to draw quick profit from the trees,he has cut them down in large numbers

   Two thousand years ago,a rich and powerful country cut down its trees to build warships,with which to gain itself an empire It gained the empire but,without its trees,its soil became bare and poor.When the empire fell to pieces,the country found itself faced by floods and starvation.

   Even where a government realizes the importance of a plentiful supply of trees,it is difficult sometimes to make the people realize this.They cut down the trees but are too careless to plant and look after new trees So,unless the government has a good system of control,or can educate the people,the forests slowly disappear

  This does not only mean that there will be fewer trees.The results are even more serious:for where there are trees,their roots break the soil up,allowing the rain to sink in, and also bind the soil.This prevents the soil from being washed away.But where there are no trees,the rainfalls on hard ground and flows away on the surface,and this causes floods and the rain carries away the rich topsoil in which crops grow When a11 the topsoil is gone.nothing remains but worthless desert.

  66.Trees are useful to man mainly in three ways,the most important of which is that they can ____

  A. keep him from the hot sunshine B.enable him to build warships

  C.make him draw quick profit from them D .protect him from droughts and floods

  67.It’s a great pity that ____

  A.man is only interested in building empires B.man is eager to profit from trees

  C.man hasn’t realized the importance of trees to him D. man hasn’t found out that he has lost all trees

  68.Sooner or later the forests will disappear ______.

   A. unless a country has a plenty supply of trees B.unless people stop cutting down their trees

   C.unless aIl people are taught the importance of planting trees

   D.unless the government punishes those who cut trees instead of planting them

  69.The word“bind”in Paragraph 5 means“_____”

   A.to wash away B.to make wet C.to make stay together D.to improve

  70. When there is a heavy rain.trees can help to prevent floods.as they can.

  A.keep rain from falling down to soft ground B,cause the soil to allow rainwater to sink in

  C.prevent the soil from being washed away D .make the topsoil stick together

  参考答案:

  61-65:CACAB 66-70:DCCBC

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