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2017河南天一专升本英语定语从句易错题解析

guodaadmin 发布时间:2021-10-13 21:00:48 历年真题 28 来源:广东自考报名网

2017河南天一专升本英语定语从句易错题汇总:

  ■The factory was built in a secret place, around ______ high mountains.

  A. which was B. it was

  C. which were D. them were

  【易错】简单误选A或B,将A、B中的 which 和 it 误以为是这以后语句的主语。

  【剖析】最佳答案是C,around which were high mountains 是一个由“介词+which”引出的非限制性定语从句,而在该从句中,主语是 high mountains,around which 是表语,所以语句谓语使用复数were,而不是用奇数 was。

  ■A man with a bleeding hand hurried in and asked, “Is there a hospital around ______ I can get some medicine for my wounded hand?”

  A. that B. which

  C. where D. what

  【易错】简单误选 B,以为 around 是介词,选 which 用以替代前面的名词 hospital,在此用作介词 around 的宾语。

  【剖析】最佳答案为C。以上语法剖析并不算错,但问题是,照此剖析,此句的意思即为:有没有这样一个医院,我在它的邻近能够买药治我的手伤?这样的语境明显有点不合情理,由于人们通常是在医院里边治伤,而不是在医院邻近治伤。此题选 C 的理由是:句中的 around 不是介词,而是副词,意为“在邻近”;这以后的 where 引导定语从句用以润饰其前的地址名词 hospital,句意为:邻近有没有一家医院,我能够去治我的手伤?

  ■ _____ is known to everybody, the moon travels round the earth once every month.

  A. It B. As

  C. That D. What

  【易错】简单误选 A,以为此处应填一个方式主语。

  【剖析】最佳答案是 B。as 引导的是一个非限制性定语从句。比较下面一题:

  _______ is known to everybody that the moon travels round the earth once every month.

  A. It B. As

  C. That D. What

  此题答案选 A,it 为方式主语,真实的主语是后边的 that 从句。

  ■ David is such a good boy _______ all the teachers like.

  A. that B. who

  C. as D. whom

  【易错】此题简单误选A,许多同学一看到题干中的such,再联系到选项中的 that,便以为这是考察such … that …句式。何况,这样了解意思也还通畅。

  【剖析】最佳答案为C,不是A,由于在such … that … (如此……以致……)结构中,that 引导的是成果状语从句,而且 that 在从句中不充任语句成分,若在上句填入 such … that …,句末的动词 like 缺宾语。选C的理由如下:as 用作联系代词,用以引导定语从句,润饰其前的名词 boy,一起 as 在定语从句中用作动词 like 的宾语,句意为“一切教师都喜爱的一位好男孩”。有的同学或许还会问,假若选A,能否将这以后的 that 视为引导定语从句的联系代词呢?不能,由于当先行词遭到 such 的润饰时,这以后的定语从句使用联系代词 as 来引导,而不必that。

  ■ The buses, most of _______ were already full, were surrounded by an angry crowd.

  A. that B. it

  C. them D. which

  【易错】简单误选 C,用 them 代指 the buses。

  【剖析】最佳答案是D。most of which were already full 为非限制性定语从句,润饰 the buses。类似地,以下各题也选D:

  (1) His house, for _______ he paid 10, 000, is now worth 50, 000.

  A. that B. it

  C. them D. which

  (2) Ash down forest, through _______ we’ll be driving, isn’t a forest any longer.

  A. that B. it

  C. them D. which

  (3) This I did at nine o’clock, after _______ I sat reading the paper.

  A. that B. it

  C. them D. which

  (4) George, with _______ I played tennis on Sundays, was a warm-hearted person.

  A. that B. him

  C. them D. whom

  (5) Her sons, both of ______ work abroad, will come back home this summer.

  A. that B. who

  C. them D. whom

  (6) I met the fruit-pickers, several of _______ were still university students.

  A. that B. who

  C. them D. whom

  ■ He had thousands of students, many of ______ gained great success in their own field.

  A. whom B. them

  C. which D. who

  【易错】简单误选 B,用 them 代指 students。

  【剖析】最佳答案是A,many of whom gained great success in their own field 为非限制性定语从句。假若在many of… 的前面加上连词and,则选答案B。比较以下各题(答案均选A):

  (1) He asked a lot of questions, none of ______ was easy to answer.

  A. which B. them

  C. what D. that

  (2) He asked a lot of questions, and none of ______ was easy to answer.

  A. them B. which

  C. what D. that

  (3) He told me that he had two girl-friends, neither of _______ knew anything about the other.

  A. whom B. them

  C. which D. who

  (4) He told me that he had two girl-friends, and neither of _______ knew anything about the other.

  A. them B. whom

  C. which D. who

  ■ He had a lot of friends, only a few of ______ invited to his wedding.

  A. whom B. them

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